7 Tips to Keep Your Teeth & Gums Healthy

Tooth decay, also known as dental caries, is caused by plaque accumulation on the teeth. Plaque is a bacterial film that forms on the teeth and gums. Bacteria in our mouths produce acids that can erode tooth enamel when we eat or drink sugary or starchy foods. Tooth decay and cavities can result from erosion. When plaque is not removed by brushing and flossing regularly, it hardens into tartar, which can only be removed by a dentist or dental hygienist. Plaque and tartar bacteria produce acids that erode tooth enamel, resulting in cavities.

Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, is an infection of the gums that can cause inflammation, bleeding, and, worst-case scenario, tooth loss. Plaque and tartar that accumulate along the gum line cause inflammation and infection of the gums, resulting in gum disease. Gingivitis is the early stage of gum disease and can often be reversed with proper oral hygiene and regular dental check-ups. Gingivitis, if left untreated, can progress to more severe forms of gum disease, such as periodontitis. Periodontitis is a serious condition that causes the gums to pull away from the teeth, forming infected pockets. The bone and connective tissue that hold teeth in place can be destroyed as the infection progresses, resulting in tooth loss.

Preventing tooth decay and gum disease is critical for good oral health. Here are some tips to help you maintain the health of your teeth and gums:
1. Brush your teeth with fluoride toothpaste twice a day: Brush for at least two minutes each time, focusing on the areas where your teeth and gums meet. Hold a soft-bristled brush at a 45-degree angle to your gums. To clean the fronts, backs, and tops of your teeth, use circular motions, and back-and-forth motions to clean the chewing surfaces.
2. To remove plaque and food particles from between your teeth, use floss or an interdental cleaner: This will aid in the prevention of tooth decay and gum disease. If you have difficulty flossing or have more significant gaps between your teeth, floss at least once a day and use an interdental cleaner such as Waterpik.
3. Replace your toothbrush every three to four months, or more frequently if the bristles fray: A dirty toothbrush is ineffective at cleaning your teeth and gums.
4. Limit your intake of sugary and acidic foods and drinks, as these can damage your tooth enamel and lead to tooth decay: If you do consume sugary or acidic foods or drinks, try to do so as part of a meal rather than as a standalone snack, and drink water afterward to help rinse your mouth.
5. Visit your dentist or dental hygienist regularly for check-ups and cleanings: They can detect and treat any oral health issues in their early stages before they become more serious.
6. Smoking cessation and abstaining from tobacco products can help to prevent gum disease and oral cancer.
7.  Maintain a healthy diet, exercise regularly, and manage stress to maintain overall health, which can benefit oral health.

You can avoid tooth decay and gum disease by following these tips and visiting your dentist on a regular basis.


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