The most impressive proof of the power of an unknown civilization that left its traces here is, of course, the huge stones used for construction, some of which weigh from 20 to 70 tons and are 8-11 meters long. According to the researcher of ancient cultures Clemente Markham, such monoliths can be found only in the structures of ancient Egypt. The Spanish, who conquered Peru in the 16th century, were interested in the "authorship" of such imposing structures. However the Aymara Indians who lived on these lands answered in one word: "Everything was built long before the Inca rule... And, according to the ancestors, it appeared suddenly, overnight...".
Even in ruins, these ancient structures are fascinating. Especially striking to scientists are the ruins of an almost square building, with walls 130-135 meters long. The masonry is laid out with surprising care and consists of very massive stones, which suggests that the building had to withstand an attack by a strong enemy. The two stone statues, named after the scientists who discovered them, the Benet Monolith and the Ponce Sanjines Monolith, amaze with their enormous size and the generalized and decorative manner in which the figure, face, and rectangular head are executed.
The ensemble includes buildings tentatively called "The Palace of Sarcophagi", "The Palace of Kheri-Kama", and the monument "The Gates of the Sun".
The "Gate of the Sun" is a monolith measuring 3x3.8 meters, in which an opening is cut through. At the top of the gate is an ornamental decoration with numerous symbolic signs. In the center of the relief is the face of the sun god, or as some scholars believe, the Inca deity Viracocha, surrounded by rays. According to some scholars, this monument is not just a religious building, but also a repository of knowledge and an instrument of timekeeping. In any case, archaeologist Arthur Poznansky, a Bolivian of Austrian origin who spent his life studying Tiahunaku, considers the image on the Sun Gate to be an ancient calendar.
The investigations and hypotheses of British Colonel James Churchward are connected to this amazing structure, as well as to the other sites of the complex. He searched the entire world for evidence of the existence of a proto-civilization called My, which died in a natural disaster in the Pacific. The colonel studied ancient scrolls and manuscripts that miraculously survived the mass destruction of Inca cultural monuments by the conquistadors.
The ensemble of the Sun Gate or "great stone" on the shore of Lake Titicaca, 13,500 feet above the Pacific Ocean, seemed to the researcher proof that the peoples who lived there in ancient times were dependent on My country and its rulers. In his work Ancient Continent of My (1926), the colonel tries to decipher the signs on the stone and determine the time of the destruction of the structures of the complex. He writes: "At the time when this temple, decorated with magnificent carved stones, was built, the Andes Mountains did not yet exist; they had not yet risen above the plains of western South America. This country, most of its population and the temple itself were destroyed by the mountains that had risen, and the monolith split in two as a result.
Although the sacred alphabet has been in use for a very long time, not a single letter is carved on the stone. The image represents the earliest form of writing, the picture-text. It is as easy to "read" as a modern printed book. All that is needed to read is to understand the meaning of the symbols.
Using the symbols of the Prarodina and those signs that were used in its colonies, I will try to decipher this image.
The first thing that catches your eye when you look at the drawing is the stylized human figure; in its ornamentation, triple elements are widely used. The triplet is a number associated with My. Above the figure's head is a sultan of three feathers, under her feet is a three-stepped pedestal. There are three dots on each cheek. The breastplate, if you can call it that, consists of three rectangles - symbols of My.
"The scepter" in the left hand is decorated with three parrot heads. The shape of the mouth is stylized - it is almost a rectangle. Thus, the signs of My are repeated nine times. The head is surrounded by rays divided into four groups. The result is a full circle of rays, which are part of the symbol meaning: "My, Empire of the Sun." At the end of each ray we "read": "Ahau, King of Kings. So, the general meaning: "The Empire of the Sun ruled over the kings of all four countries of the world.
The parrot heads at the end of the scepter represent symbols of the colonies, totems of the Mayan queen; combined with the scepter itself, they indicate that the Mayan country was a subordinate state, a colony."
James Churchward refers to the so-called "Troan Manuscript", which allegedly mentions the existence of a Mayan colony in the Nile Delta about 16 thousand years ago, which allows us to attribute the city of Tiahunaco to the same time. In his research, the colonel anticipated the activities of researchers at the end of the twentieth century, aimed at finding links between ancient civilizations and general cosmology, astronomy, and mathematics.
One of these researchers, Graham Hancock, like Churchward, turned to the ruins of Tiahunaku. He refuted the opinion of modern archaeologists, who date the complex between 1500 BC and 900 AD, by "tying" the structures to the shores of the lake, where, according to geology, they are 10,000 years old. In addition, the historian noted that the animal depicted in the semi-subterranean temple, next to the figure of Vira-kochi, is very similar to a toxodon, and this species, according to cryptozoologists, extinct in the Andes region 12,000 years ago, as well as trunk elephant-like creature depicted on the Gates of the Sun. Finally, Hancock, following Arthur Poznansky, suggested correlating the Sun Gate with the cycles of motion of the daylight.
Explaining his position, Hancock states: "According to Poznansky's calculations, if Tiahunaku was oriented by the position of the Sun at the summer and winter solstice, then the original layout of the city was made more than 17,000 years ago. Based on the latest measurements from space satellites, the American paleoastronomer Neil Steed has clarified this number: it is approximately 12,000 years. Such a conclusion allows us to take more seriously the hypotheses of the British colonel, who, as it turned out, was not so desperate dreamer.
And yet the 20th century failed to solve the mystery of the ancient ruins lost in the Peruvian Andes. A gateway with a strange 290-day calendar. Majestic temples created by unknown builders many thousands of years ago. These stone secrets on the shores of a high mountain lake await new generations of explorers, who may be more fortunate than our contemporaries.