About PlayStation 5

PlayStation 5 is a member of the PlayStation family of game consoles and the successor to the PlayStation 4.


It launches on November 12, 2020 in the United States, Canada, Mexico, South Korea, Japan, Australia and New Zealand, and on November 19, 2020 in other regions.


Development was officially confirmed in October 2018, and the first details emerged in April 2019.


The name PlayStation 5 was not officially announced until October 2019 before which the device was referred to simply as the "next generation console."


Unlike its predecessor, the PlayStation 5 uses a modified solid-state drive (SSD) instead of a hard drive - including the Oodle Kraken compression and decompression algorithm and the Oodle Texture encoding system. The new I/O subsystem allows for significantly improved overall console performance. Also, the SSD can now be used as virtual RAM, so the PS5 has more RAM than the claimed 16GB.


The device includes a custom APU from AMD, which supports ray tracing technology, 4K image output and frame rate up to 120 Hz.


The main competitor of PlayStation 5 among gaming platforms was the Xbox series from Microsoft - Xbox Series X.CPU Right.

A new modified 8-core/16-thread AMD Ryzen[3] CPU has been developed for the PlayStation 5.


The operating frequency of the processor is 3.5 GHz. For comparison, the CPU frequency in PS4 was 1.8 GHz, in PS4 Pro 2.1 GHz.


GPU Right

The GPU of the console uses a new custom Radeon Navi chip with RDNA 2 architecture and a performance of 10.3 TFLOPS, not including the ray tracing processor. The graphics core frequency is 2.23 GHz.


Operating the chip at such high frequencies forced Sony engineers to use liquid metal in the cooling system of the new console[17].


For comparison - the graphics power in PS4 was 1.8 TFLOPS, in PS4 Pro 4.2 TFLOPS.


However, CPU frequency and TFLOPS figures do not reflect all the architectural innovations - so the comparison of PS5 with PS4 and PS4 Pro in this context is conditional.


The console has support for ray tracing technology[18][11]. Both the PlayStation 5's CPU and GPU are based on the 7nm process technology.


Sound Processor Right.

The Tempest Engine processor is essentially a GPU from AMD and Sony, remodeled for sound processing. According to Mark Cerny, in terms of SIMD power (computation principle) it is comparable to all 8 Jaguar cores on the PS4 combined. It was also said that developers who don't want to deal with calculating "a hundred sound sources" will be able to redirect the resource of the sound chip to work with graphics and artificial intelligence of game characters[19].


The rest of the specs Rule

For the PlayStation 5, the decision was made to forgo hard drives in favor of higher performance and faster SSDs. Thus, the console will be able to read data from the drive and load game levels much faster than previous members of the PlayStation family[11]. At an online conference held on March 8, 2020, it was reported that the new console will receive an SSD drive with 825 GB of memory, whose bandwidth will be from 5.5 to 9 GB per second.


According to Japanese publication Famitsu, the SSD in PS5 will be modified and equipped with a special chip from AMD[3].


Also SSD will be used as a virtual RAM for large files - so it's planned to increase the total size of RAM. The user will be able to increase the internal memory size by adding another SSD. The transition to SSDs should also reduce the size that games take up: now developers will not have to duplicate data to speed up loading[11].


PlayStation 5 got 16 GB of RAM of the new GDDR6 standard with a bandwidth of 448 GB per second[20].


PlayStation 5 has an Ultra HD Blu-ray optical drive and uses Blu-ray discs of up to 100 GB. The console gives the owner more control over the installation process - he will be able to choose which parts of the game to install and which not: for example, to install only the multiplayer part and not to install the unnecessary to the player single-player, or, for example, to install the entire game and then delete the passed part. In a presentation to investors on March 31, 2019, the planned integration of cloud-based game services into the PS5 was pointed out. In this case, the user will not need to download or install anything on his console - access to game content will be through the Internet.

Also, the new console supports high color range HDR10+ mode.

According to Mark Cerny, compared with the PlayStation 4 has changed the main menu interface - so the player can know what's happening in the games, even without running them. Thus, for multiplayer games the console menu can show a list of matches that you can join, for single-player games - the tasks that the player can complete and the rewards for them. 

According to DigiTimes (russian), production of the PS5 APU began in the third quarter of 2020 at contract chipmaker TSMC's factories.

Advanced Semiconductor Engineering (Eng.) and Siliconware Precision Industries (Eng.) were also involved in packaging and testing the new gaming systems, according to the same publication[23].

In May 2021, Sony announced a partnership with the messenger Discord. The application for player communication will become part of the PlayStation ecosystem in early 2022[24]. Earlier it was assumed that Discord would begin full-scale cooperation with Microsoft for the integration into the Xbox family of consoles, but according to the results of negotiations the Japanese corporation offered more favorable terms.


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