Description of the telescope fish should begin with the eyes, which are the most prominent feature of this fish. The telescope fish looks beady-eyed, thanks to the convex eyes because of which it got its name. The size, shape and direction of the eyes of telescopes are varied. Most often there are spherical and conical eye shapes, but there are also cylindrical eyes.
Eyes telescope fish are usually directed in different directions or forward. There is a variety of telescopes whose eyes are directed upward. This type of telescopes called "sky eye" or "stargazer", this species also lacks a dorsal fin. Telescope fish looks quite large, its body length is about 15-20 cm. The body of the aquarium fish telescope has a rounded ovoid shape, the tail and fins may have different shapes. Live telescopes about 15 years.
Also in the description of the telescope fish, it is worth noting that there are 2 species of these fish: scaly and scaleless. Scaleless usually have a monochromatic color and lack of metallic luster, in contrast to the scaly telescopes. Many color variations of these fish have been obtained as a result of breeding efforts. However, the most common are white, red and black telescopes.
Home of the telescope fish
The home of the telescope fish is China. It was in China that the aquarium fish telescope was bred. Quite a long period, this type of fish was only available in Asia. In Europe, they were first brought only in 1872. In the same year, the fish telescope appeared in Russia. Already in the early 20th century, Russian aquarists breeding way was bred a lot of telescopes.
What to feed the telescope?
Aquarium fish telescope in the diet unpretentious and almost omnivorous. Telescope can be fed live, frozen and artificial food. Because of its structure they are difficult to take food from the bottom, so you need to buy at a pet store special feeder.
When feeding the telescope, remember that these fish are slow to saturate. Telescopes have poor eyesight because of which they do not always notice food, so it takes some time for them to find food to saturate. Telescopes often swarm in the ground in search of food, which raises mud and mud.
It is best to feed the telescope artificial food, as it decomposes slowly and does not burrow into the ground. As a live food for the telescope is great with bloodworms, Tubifex, and daphnia. Feed the telescope twice a day, uneaten food scraps should be removed. Once a week, you can arrange a day off.
Maintenance and care of the telescope fish
Keeping a telescope fish requires a spacious aquarium with a classic rectangular shape. Keeping telescopes in round aquariums is highly undesirable. The telescope is a gregarious fish, so it is better to keep several telescopes. In terms of volume, for a pair of fish need an aquarium of about 100 liters. For each new individual, should increase the volume of the aquarium by 50 liters, for a pack of 4-6 individuals will be sufficient aquarium of 250 liters.
Aquarium fish telescope produces a huge amount of waste, so good filtration is necessary. The best option would be a powerful external filter. Since these fish need oxygen, a good aeration of the water is necessary. You should also install a daylight lamp. Care fish telescope includes the need for weekly substitution of up to 20% of the water volume. As for water parameters, the telescopes are relatively undemanding.
Content telescope fish requires a competent approach in the arrangement of the aquarium. As the soil is better to use coarse sand or gravel. Telescopes love to dig in the soil, if it is too shallow or not large enough, they can swallow it and die. Adding to the aquarium decor and plants, remember that telescopes poorly see and their eyes are very vulnerable. Be sure to ensure that all elements were smooth, with no sharp corners or cutting edges.
Telescopes are friendly fish that are peaceful neighbors with fish. However, they should only be kept together with other tranquil fish. Telescope fish are compatible with violets, oranges and goldfish. Incompatible with telescopes barbs, ternetsii, cichlids, characino and fighting fish. These fish can intimidate telescopes and injure their eyes and tear off their fins.