There are many drivers who are experienced in driving cars in harsh winter conditions. But there are also plenty of those who have encountered driving in icy conditions for the first time. It will be interesting for them to get acquainted with the peculiarities of such driving. The more so that statistics of accidents for the first two months of winter, is very disappointing. It should be noted that winter driving requires certain qualities in people behind the wheel: particular care, accuracy and some skills of driving an "iron horse". We are going to talk about the most important features of driving a car on a slippery road. Everyone knows that it is safer to drive a car with all-wheel drive in winter, a little more convenient to drive a car with front-wheel drive and, of course, the most difficult to drive a car with rear-axle drive. The driver of any car must take into account the peculiarities of the road and not make elementary mistakes on the highway, which in dry weather, you could not pay attention to. Any driver, of any vehicle on the winter track, must remember the commonplace truth - the wheels of a moving car must be in a rotating state at all times. If the wheel by the will of the driver, stops rotating (brakes), the car, by virtue of its inertia, begins to slide. Under such conditions, it is virtually impossible to exert influence on the car.
Often on a slippery road it happens so - the car does not react to a turn of the steering wheel by the driver, continues to move straight ahead. You want to turn it even more. If you turn it out, you will lose control even more. Calm down and set the steering wheel to go straight. Decrease the revs and smoothly turn the steering wheel to make a turn, increase the fuel supply slightly. The mistake when entering a turn on a slippery road is that the driver chose a very small wheel angle, resulting in an incorrect trajectory. You need to turn the steering wheel a little more than usual (on a dry road) in order to make the turn correctly. On a bend in the track, the angle of the wheels can be gradually reduced or not changed at all. In order the front wheels do not slip when turning, you need to switch to a lower gear just before the maneuver. Feeling that the car is about to bite, begin the actual turn. At this moment it is necessary to press lightly on a gas pedal.
Any braking on a slippery road will lead to youzu, and therefore to the lack of controllability of the car. It is better to press the clutch pedal briefly than to work with the brakes. Under no circumstances should you coast, or disengage the clutch completely. The best option here is to shift gears, or operate the accelerator pedal. The drive wheels must be in constant traction with the engine and the surface of the track. It is very important for drivers on the winter road to know how to use the gas and the steering wheel together. All operations in this case should be made by the driver very smoothly.
If a car with rear-wheel drive skids, the steering wheel must be turned to the side of the skid and the throttle must be completely off. On a car with all-wheel drive, the steering wheel should be turned in the same way, the gas should be slightly dropped. Auto with front-wheel drive, in this situation, requires more fuel. Turn the steering wheel of it in the direction of travel.
It is desirable for every driver to have the practice of using the clutch to drive the car on the icy road. It helps well to stop rotation of the car on a slippery road by switching it off for a short time. When starting to drive on ice, the clutch should be kept in tension (only briefly, so as not to burn the clutch), while preventing the wheels from spinning. Briefly pressing the clutch pedal will help stabilize the engine rpm when driving on a heavy track. The clutch will also help us to brake the engine on a slippery slope, with the corresponding work of the gas pedal (overdrive) and transition from higher to lower gears. This technique can also help in the city when stopping in front of traffic lights, crosswalks, etc.
Drivers should have practice using the brakes on slippery roads and especially on corners. Whether you want or not, but you still have to use the brakes. For this purpose, each driver needs to learn the techniques of intermittent and step braking, to work them out in practice. You must perform the training on the road, where there is no traffic, or on separate slippery areas. With intermittent braking should be briefly, sharply and repeatedly press the brake pedal, make braking cars. It is desirable to try this method at different speeds, starting with the slowest. Once you catch the desired moment of force, sharpness of the impact on the brake pedal, the moment of the transition of car wheels into slip, the moment when, with decreased effort on the brake pedal begins to rotate the wheels in contact with the track - you can start exercising step braking. It is characterized by the fact that the driver makes frequent pressure on the pedal, each time with increasing force. If you feel the beginning of sliding
Translated with www.DeepL.com/Translator (free version)