The Olympics Games were held for the first time by the Greeks in 776 BC on Mount Olympus, in honour of the Greek god Zeus. They were stopped by a royal order of the Roman emperor Theodosius in AD 394.
These games were revived in 1894 by the effort of a French baron Pierre de coubertin and the first modern Olympic Games were started in Athens the capital of Greece on 6th April, 1896.Separate winter Olympic Games began in 1924. Women have been participating in the Olympics since 1912.
The Olympic Games are organised after every 4 years.
FOUNDER AND GOVERNING BODY
In 1894, Baron Pierre de coubertin founded the international olympic committee (IOC) to govern the Olympic movement (comprising international sports federation (isf's), National Olympic Committee (NOCs) and organising committees for each specific games).
IOC chooses the host city and the games to be contested organisation and funding is made by the host city.
International sports federation (ISF) determines the qualification rules for each olympic.
The head office of international Olympic committee (IOC) is at lausanne (Switzerland).
It contains five rings or circles linked together to represent the sporting friendship of all people. Each ring is of a different colour like blue, yellow, black, green and red. The rings are meant to represent five continents Africa (black), America (red), Asia (yellow), Australia (green) and Europe (blue).
The Olympic flag was created in 1913 at the suggestion of Baron Pierre de coubertin. It was adopted in Paris in June, 1914 ,but it was raised over an Olympic stadium for the first time at the Antwerp games (Belgium) in 1920. There is also a second Olympic flag, which is used for the winter games. These flags are made of white silk and contain five interwined rings of the Olympic emblem.
From left to right the rings are blue (Europe) ,Yellow(Asia), Black (Africa), Red (America), Green(Australia). Atleast one of these colours is found on the flag of the every country.
The flag is 3 m long 2 m wide. The emblem placed in the center is 2.06 m by 60 cm.
Olympic Motto 'Citius, Altius, Fortius ' is the Latin motto meaning by father Didon in 1897.
The motto was introduced in 1924 at the Olympic Games in Paris.
The Olympic flame symbolises the continuity between ancient and modern games. It was at the Amsterdam games in 1928 that for the first time an Olympic flame was ceremonially lighted and burned in a giant torch at the entrance of the stadium. The modern version of the flame was adopted in 1936 at the Berlin Games.
Olympic champions are rewarded with medals and certificate. The winning athlete or sports persons receive a gold medal which, is 60mm in diameter and 3 mm thick and is made of 92.5 percent silver plated with 6 gm of gold
OLYMPIC GOLD ORDER
IT is presented by the international Olympic committee for distinguish services in the development of the Olympic movement