Frame houses - technology, stages of construction, prices, reviews

Frame houses - characteristics

Frame house - technology

It would seem that the construction of frame houses is a modern trend in housing construction. In fact, system houses, or rather this type of construction, were used in the Middle Ages. When it comes to a collapsible wooden structure, it is important to take into account the wooden frame, which is filled with various types of building materials.

 

Wooden elements are made to order. Therefore, the biggest advantage of these types of houses is, first of all, a very short construction period. Because a turnkey house is ready even after 2-3 months. The entire structure of the house is made of wooden boards, the thickness of which is adapted to the type of wall. The step of wooden boards is planned in a few tens of centimeters, while all window and door openings are included in the design.

 

The exterior cladding is made of drywall or OSB. However, mineral wool insulation is used between the wooden slabs and the cladding. Interestingly, frame houses do not have to be put on foundations, because often a concrete slab is enough. Usually year-round wooden houses do not have a basement.

Types of houses by frame system

Almost every frame house is called a Canadian house. It turns out that there are a little more styles in building the system. They differ mainly in the type of construction material used. In addition, some types of system houses use wooden boards of a certain thickness, which is why some of them are called light frame structures.

 

Among the well - known types of frame houses we note:

 

Scandinavian frame houses - the main characteristic feature of this type of houses are load-bearing wooden elements with a thickness of 45 mm. That is why they are often referred to as lightweight frame structures. In addition, the frame house of the Scandinavian type does not have jumpers.

Swedish frame houses - most often year-round houses in the Swedish style are finished with wooden paneling. In addition, they are distinguished by a much wider cornice, the task of which is to protect the facade from precipitation.

German frame houses - a characteristic feature distinguishing the houses of the German type system are foundation slabs used instead of the traditional foundation. However, the thickness of the beams is 6 cm, which is why this system is referred to as a heavy frame structure. Indeed, the house turns out to be more massive, but cement tiles can be successfully used as a roofing material.

Canadian frame houses - bearing elements are made of 38 mm thick wooden boards. Jumpers are an important element of this design. On the other hand, drywall is most often used as an internal lining.

System houses - advantages and disadvantages

Frame houses have many advantages. The biggest advantage of choosing such a construction system is a very short construction time, which allows you to live in the house even after 2 months from the start of the investment. In addition, it is worth mentioning such advantages as:

 

Low construction costs - Low-cost construction is primarily due to a much shorter construction period. In addition, the use of cheaper materials also contributes to the fact that the final price for the construction of a frame house ranges from 250,000 zloty. up to 350 zloty for developer status. It is often 30-50% cheaper compared to traditional construction.

Ideal thermal insulation - in this case we are talking about thermal insulation, which is the result of a characteristic technology that puts the energy efficiency of the building in the first place. Thanks to this, we can get a heat transfer coefficient of only 0.17 W/m2K. In addition, the houses of the year-round system are also distinguished by excellent thermal insulation.

The possibility of using various exterior cladding – for frame buildings, wooden facades or siding are most often used. However, nothing prevents you from also using clinker bricks or, for example, exterior plaster.

Resistance to high loads – it may seem that with such load-bearing walls, their strength will not be too high. However, when using beams of the appropriate thickness, there will be no problems with the production of a concrete ceiling or roof made of ceramic or concrete tiles.

The use of ecological materials - wooden frame houses successfully fit into the idea of ecological construction, primarily in the use of building materials that are as least harmful to the environment as possible.

Resistance to various weather conditions - investors who want to build on the backbone technology do not need to worry about adverse conditions.

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