In a society, everyone has the right to lead his/her life accordingly without any discrimination. When this state is achieved where all individuals are considered to be equal irrespective of their caste, gender, colour, profession, and status, we call it equality. The most prevalent discrimination is gender inequality. Even in progressive societies and top organizations, we can see many examples of gender bias. Gender equality can only be achieved when both male and female individuals are treated similarly.
Discrimination is a social menace that creates division. We stop being together and stand together to tackle our problems. This social stigma has been creeping in the underbelly of all the society for many centuries. This has also been witnessed in gender-based cases. Gender inequality is the thing of the past as both men and women are creating history in all segments together.
In this century, women and men enjoy the same privileges. The perception is changing slowly but steadily. People are now becoming more aware of their rights and what they can do in a free society. It has been found that when women and men hold the same position and participate equally, society progresses exclusively and creates a landmark. When a community reaches gender equality, everyone enjoys the same privileges and gets similar scopes in education, health, occupation, and political aspect. Even in the family, when both male and female members are treated in the same way, it is the best place to grow, learn, and add great values.
A nation needs to value every gender equally to progress at the right place. A society attains better development in all aspects when both the genders are entitled to similar opportunities. Equal rights in decision making, health, politics, infrastructure, profession, etc will surely advance our society to a new level. The social stigma of women staying inside the house has changed. Nowadays, girls are equally competing with boys in school. They are also creating landmark development in their respective profession. Women are now seeking economic independence before they get married. It gives them the confidence to stand against oppression and make better decisions for themselves.
The age-old social structure dictated that women need to stay inside the home taking care of all when men will go out to earn bread and butter. This has been practised since ages when the world outside was not safe. Now that the time has changed and we have successfully made our environment quite safer, women can step forward, get educated, pursue their passion, bring economic balance in their families, and share the weight of a family with men. This, in a cumulative way, will also make a country’s economy progress faster and better.
Gender equality can be measured and a country’s growth can be traced by using the following methods.
Gender Development Index (GDI) is a gender-based calculation done similar to the Human Development Index.
Gender Empowerment Measure (GEM) is a detailed calculation method of the percentage of female members in decision-making roles.
Gender Equity Index (GEI) considers economic participation, education, and empowerment.
According to the Gender Gap Index (GGI), India ranks 113 among 135 participating countries. The Indian society is still wrecked by such stigmas that dictate that women are meant to manage home and stay indoors. Women are neglected even though our country is quickly gaining pace in economic development in the world. Other stigmas such as child labour, child marriage, and dowry also contribute to this problem.
Once all these menaces will be eradicated, every family will understand the value of a woman and our country will achieve gender equality in real sense. Women are creating examples everywhere and we all should highlight it to change the scenario and give them equal rights.
I would like to conclude with the following:
Treat every man and every woman as a human. Neither is superior nor better nor more intelligent nor more hard working.