Geological Wonder: Hormuz Island

Geological miracle

Hormuz Island is a true geological wonder. It is something like a salt dome towering over the rocks. Rock salt, or halite, is a soft mineral. It dissolves easily and takes on a liquid state. High pressure raises it to the surface. Added to this are other soil layers: clay, carbonates, shale and iron-rich volcanic rocks. On the way out, it all takes on fantastic shades of red, yellow and orange.


The brightest of these colors is red ocher. It is found everywhere, from the beautiful local beaches to rugged rocky cliffs. The locals call him Golak. This sand is used for the production of all kinds of paints, cosmetics, ceramics and for finishing the facades of buildings. There is even a special type of bread called "Tomshi". One of the ingredients in this pastry is colored earth from Hormuz Island.


Who lives on an unusual island

The weather is extremely dry here. There is no fresh water, and accordingly there is no vegetation either. It is unbearably hot on the island in summer. Only fishermen and those who extract salt and colored sand live here permanently. All live in the only village in the northern part of Hormuz.


The houses here are few and far between. These are modest one-story houses. Locals move around mainly on motorcycles. This is despite the fact that everything is within walking distance. The women here dress quite differently from their sisters in faith from the mainland. Traditional clothing is honored: multi-colored harem pants and a bright chador of all kinds of colors.


There are several grocery stores and eateries in the village. Mostly tourists and Iranians who come on business or on vacation hang out in the cafe.

Hormuz has no rich history

Hormuz Island does not boast outstanding ancient architecture. The only attraction is the Fort of the Virgin Mary of the Immaculate Conception, better known as the Portuguese Castle. This imposing redstone fortress dates back to the 16th century when the island was ruled by Portugal. For tourists-aesthetes and art lovers on Hormuz there is a gallery of local artist Ahmad Nadalyan.

Fabulous nature

The main value of the island of Hormuz is, of course, not the fortress and the art gallery, but its fabulous nature. The rest of the island is uninhabited. This is where all the fun is. The unearthly landscape and a fantastic riot of colors seem at first glance to be something fake, artificial. Nevertheless, this stunning landscape is the work of the Creator. Such incredible beauty fits into this tiny piece of land.


The local panorama is a paradise for any geologist or artist. The hilly surface is painted in dozens of incredibly bright various colors and shades. The rocks, thanks to the winds and downpours, have acquired very bizarre shapes. If you look closely, you can mistake the stones for some kind of fabulous creatures. Everything here is fantastic. A real valley of dragons and chimeras.


The beach on Hormuz is not completely red. It rather looks like yellow-black-red sand placers generously strewn with glitter. This is the true wealth of Hormuz. The mineral is loaded onto dump trucks and taken away for ocher extraction. If you walk around the island for a long time, then the clothes will be painted in this beautiful color. The landscape resembles a Martian landscape. Tourists love to hold photo sessions here. The area around is deserted and wild: a fabulous beach, the sea and you. Despite the fact that these are Islamic territories, it is quite safe here.


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