Human Rights By Prophet PBUH

The last sermon (also known as the Farewell Sermon) delivered by Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) during his farewell pilgrimage in 632 CE is a significant moment in Islamic history. In this sermon, the Prophet emphasized various principles, including those related to equal rights and social justice. While there are not exactly 50 points related to equal rights in the sermon, I can provide you with key points that highlight the Prophet's teachings on this topic:

  1. All Muslims are equal in the eyes of Allah.
  2. There is no superiority of an Arab over a non-Arab or a non-Arab over an Arab.
  3. There is no superiority of a white person over a black person or a black person over a white person.
  4. All human beings are descendants of Adam and Eve, emphasizing the common origin of humanity.
  5. Property and bloodshed are sacred, and they should be protected and respected.
  6. The Prophet stressed the importance of the sanctity of life and property for all Muslims.
  7. Muslims are urged to treat one another with kindness and equity.
  8. Exploitation and oppression of others were condemned.
  9. Usury (interest) was declared unlawful to prevent economic exploitation.
  10. The importance of honest and just trade practices was emphasized.
  11. The Prophet stressed the importance of respecting women's rights and protecting their honor and dignity.
  12. Muslims were reminded to honor family ties and relationships.
  13. Orphans were to be treated with compassion and care.
  14. The significance of maintaining social bonds and brotherhood among Muslims was highlighted.
  15. The Prophet urged Muslims to support and assist those in need, including the poor and the less fortunate.
  16. The concept of forgiveness and reconciliation was promoted.
  17. Acts of racism, tribalism, and discrimination were condemned.
  18. Muslims were reminded to fulfill their obligations and duties toward their families.
  19. The importance of mutual consultation (Shura) in decision-making was emphasized.
  20. The Prophet encouraged justice in all matters, irrespective of one's social or economic status.
  21. All Muslims were urged to stand up against injustice and oppression.
  22. Muslims were reminded to be humble and not arrogant or boastful.
  23. The Prophet discouraged pride and vanity.
  24. The concept of humility and modesty was promoted.
  25. All Muslims were encouraged to be honest and truthful in their actions and speech.
  26. The Prophet stressed the significance of fulfilling promises and contracts.
  27. He urged Muslims to be just and fair in their dealings with others.
  28. He discouraged dishonesty and deceit.
  29. The importance of adhering to Islamic ethics and moral values was emphasized.
  30. The Prophet urged Muslims to seek knowledge and wisdom.
  31. He encouraged respect for scholars and teachers.
  32. The concept of accountability in the Hereafter was emphasized.
  33. Muslims were reminded of their responsibilities as stewards of the Earth.
  34. Environmental conservation and protection were encouraged.
  35. The importance of preserving harmony and unity within the Muslim community was stressed.

While these points do not add up to 50, they encompass the key principles of equality, justice, and social ethics that the Prophet Muhammad highlighted in his Farewell Sermon, promoting equal rights and social justice within the Muslim community.


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