Programming Guide For Beginners

Many ambitious young people these days want to start their career in the world of programming, some of them want to do this in order to improve their financial level, and some of them want to do this in order to satisfy their passion, and some of them need to learn programming for their job.

In any case, whatever your motivation and desire to learn programming, in this article I will provide you with everything you need to know in order to take your first steps in this mysterious world.

Programming for beginners step by step

Learning programming for beginners is not an easy process at all, but it is not impossible either. If you have a clear vision and plan and you do what you are doing in order to reach a specific goal, your learning journey will be simple, easy and not stressful.

What makes people fail the most is confusion and confusion at first, as they keep looking for things like the best course or the best programming language for beginners, and waste all their efforts in this useless search, so before we move on to learning resources we must address some of the most important things in the start.

This is what I will present to you in this article through these steps:

First Step: Decide the reason you want to learn programming for

The first, most important, and hardest step is to decide why you want to learn programming, and set your learning goal in mind. If you don’t have a goal, how can you achieve it?

This is the most important point in learning programming for beginners, which will help you chart your way in this world that you do not know much about – now -.

In this step, you will have to learn more about Computer Science and what programming is and its different types.

And do not worry about these topics and other basics that you will need in any field that you will enter, whatever and whatever job tasks assigned to you.

Knowing or looking at the field from above will help you decide which field is right for you – if you haven’t already identified it – as well as identify the programming languages and tools you will need to learn and master.

It will also prevent you from making some serious mistakes, as your knowledge of programming and the field you want to enter may be wrong, and another field may suit you.

Here is an overview of some scenarios you should consider in this step:

a) If you want to enter the field of programming in order to improve your financial level and improve your salary

In this case, you will have to learn about the fields available to you and the nature of the labor market in your country, for example, the chance of getting a job in the field of web development is much better than areas such as: video game design or cybersecurity.

It would also be better if you thought about how programming intersects with your original field, so that the technical and programming skills that you will acquire will ensure that you advance in the same profession if you love it and want to stay in it.

b) If you want to learn programming in order to develop in your field

Many fields – for example, academia – today need to learn some programming skills, in this case you will have to identify which languages and tools are used in your field and you need to learn them, instead of studying a language or tool that you do not need.

Today, programming has entered in one way or another into all fields, from management to civil engineering, medicine and pharmacy. All you have to do is just look carefully at the opportunities around you in your field.

c) If only you have a general passion for learning programming and want to know more about it

In this case, there will be more suitable beginnings for you than others, and programming languages that you prefer to start with, for example, the Python language, which will open the door for you to almost most of the existing fields.

d) If you want to get the benefits of programming for logical thinking, etc.

In this case, there are languages and tools that will be more suitable for you than others, and knowing them will save you a lot of time.

Of course, these are not all scenarios, but I think they are the most important.

This step was my stumbling block that made me fail to learn programming properly until I succeeded the fourth time.

Each time I didn’t have a clear plan and I didn’t define my goals and chose the resources that would help me achieve them.

Until the fourth time, I put a complete plan in front of me – after reading in detail, of course – and I was able to find the techniques and programming languages I need at this stage of learning, and I will tell you about the rest of the details successively in each of the next steps.

But before I move on to the next step I have to advise you to start learning about computer science in this step, it helped me a lot when I was at this stage.

Fortunately, there are a lot of courses that will help you also start your career, such as:

1. CS50: Introduction to Computer Science from Harvard

This course is perhaps the best in the world, as it has benefited millions of students around the world who want to start learning programming.

The course presenter is the famous Professor David G. Malan, and the course includes many topics, such as: fundamentals, algorithms, data structures, protection, web development, and others, and through it you will learn about languages such as: Python, C, JavaScript, SQL, in addition to HTML and CSS.

2. Computer Science Course from Crash Course

This course, although much less well known than CS50, I find very valuable, as it briefly explains everything you need to know from computer parts and what they work and operating systems to NLP.

The introduction to this course is Carrie Ann Philbin, who has a very simple and interesting style and will take you on a short and interesting journey into the world of computers and programming.

Of course there are a lot of other courses but these are my two favorite courses and I think that each of them is more than enough to take your hand in this mysterious area on you – just now -.

Many people skip this step or initially see that it is not very important or that it is a waste of time, but this is not entirely true and you will realize that it is the most important after a while in your coding journey and then you will thank me.

Second Step: Knowing the field you are going to enter

In this step, and after you have defined your goals, you will be able to define the field in which you will learn, as you know there are many areas now.

I will tell you about the most important areas of programming for beginners that you should pay attention to:

1. Web Development

The field of web development is the most popular and easiest field to hire both in traditional companies and in self-employment.

The domain is divided into two sub-domains:

The front end is responsible for designing the interfaces of websites, and it depends on languages such as HTML, CSS, and JavaScript, and on development tools such as Bootstrap, Sass, and others.

This is the field in which the majority of newly entrants to the world of programming and web development start, and it is the most field for which you will find many courses on the Internet.

The best of these courses in my opinion is the Front-End Developer track from Zero Academy, in short, it is comprehensive and tidy.

You’ll find everything you need in it, from the questions in your mind to the arrangement of the lessons you need to learn.

Also, Osama Al-Zero is the presenter and explainer of this course with an extraordinary ability to explain and simplify, especially since he personally is not a graduate of the Faculty of Computing or Computer Engineering and has learned programming by himself.

The other area in web development is the back end, which is responsible for everything that happens behind the website’s interface.

In this field, you need other programming languages, such as: PHP and its frameworks such as Laravel and others.

Usually in the fields of web development, the programmer or developer is either a front end specialist or a back end specialist.

But there is a type of web developer who is a full stack web developer who develops the interfaces of websites as well as their back-end systems.

They either know and use the languages and tools specific to each of them, or they know programming languages and tools that allow them to do both in the same language.

One such language that combines the two is Ruby and its framework, Ruby on Rails, which are very much in use these days.

2. Mobile App Development

Another field that competes with the popularity of web development is the field of mobile application development, and its popularity has increased during this period because every company and business has become necessary to have an application.

The most widely used programming languages ​​in this field are Swift for IOS application development, Kotlin language and Java for Android application development.

But now there are programming languages ​​that help developers write application code that works on both platforms at once, the most famous of which are Flutter and the React Native framework based on JavaScript.

Mobile app development is the second most in-demand field for programmers and that is why a lot of beginners are joining it.

3. Data Science and Artificial intelligence

These two areas are very similar so I’m going to talk about them together, as the two are very much based on the Python programming language.

They are two very important technical areas that are growing very quickly and annually need tens of thousands of programmers.

In 2020, there was a shortage of about 250,000 data science professionals, and this is only in the United States of America.

Of course, there are many other areas that cannot be discussed in detail, such as:

  • Software Engineering Software Engineering.
  • Video Game Development Video Game Development.
  • Cybersecurity.
  • Internet of Things.

And the list goes on.

What I did in this step is to read more about programming applications and their use in oncology, especially in Clinical Research.

And I knew that there are two areas that I need to know in detail, which are Data Science and Machine Learning.

Third Step: Familiarize yourself with the programming languages and tools you will need for your chosen field

After you know the right field for you and see if it is suitable for you or not, read more about it and find out what tools and languages ​​are most used in it at this time, yes, as the languages ​​and tools for each field are constantly changing in the market and the demand for them changes.

And pay more attention to getting to know the most requested technologies in your country, as by asking specialists or looking at job applications for companies, you will learn everything you need.

After you have familiarized yourself with the languages, tools, and frameworks required in each field, it will remain for you to determine the source from which you will study it.

This is where learning programming for beginners begins, but as you’ve seen, this precedes many other important steps.

Fourth step: Determine the appropriate source of the study

Learning programming for beginners is very easy as there are dozens of online resources that provide you with everything you need to know.

Sometimes it can even turn into a problem, because you can’t decide the best source from which to start your journey of learning programming.

In general, you will find a lot of articles on the winners site that will help you start learning the field you want.

And if I want to advise you one advice in this step is to pay attention to the application, learning a language or technology without applying it in real projects is a waste of time and effort.

The application is what will help you to build a business gallery for you, and also enable you to start freelancing if you do not want to work in a company.

On the Internet you will find hundreds of free resources that you can learn from, and if you have the financial ability, you can subscribe to sites, such as:

And if you do not know which source of study is most suitable for you from the beginning, simply try several sources until you decide on the one that suits you best.

Sooner or later you will realize that learning programming for beginners is not a problem with a lack of resources but a lack of motivation, as you will not start to find everything you want on the Internet.

Step Five: Planning the Learning Process

Learning programming does not depend on the learning process only, but also depends on planning and organizing, especially if you are a student or an employee and are not free to learn.

In these cases, you must specify precisely the number of hours that you can learn programming in, and after determining this number, even if it is 6 hours per week, divide it by two.

Want to know why? To give yourself time to absorb and apply, you are not learning literature or sociology.

Rather, you are learning a technical field so you have to put in extra time in order to comprehend the concepts you are learning, many of which you will not be able to understand satisfactorily from the first time or even the second time.

Try to divide your learning time into two or three days a week. For example, if you have 8 free hours in your day, divide it into two groups of 4 hours, one in a day and the other in a day.

Step Six: Apply as you learn

Application in learning programming is equivalent to the learning process itself. Programming is a practical field in which if you cannot apply what you study, you have not learned it.

Always apply and experiment with what you learn and you can even devote more time to application than to learning, and after a while learning the basics work on real projects.

Apply even to very simple projects, the important thing is that you use what you learn, I think that just like there is muscle memory there is software memory that you have to build up during the learning period.

On the Internet and on YouTube, you will find many projects that you can work on, implement and add to your portfolio.

Step 7: Never stop learning

The title Learning Programming for Beginners may suggest that the learning phase is a temporary phase, but this is not true at all, as learning programming is a continuous process.

Technologies change and you may find in just 6 months that the frameworks you are using are outdated and the market has moved to other frameworks to work.

So keep in mind that you should devote a week to learning even after you have finished your beginner programming period.

Frequently asked questions and the most important in learning programming for beginners

1. Do I need strong English in order to learn programming?

No, the English language is not necessary at the stage of learning, there are many powerful Arabic resources on the Internet, but with time you will learn the English programming terms and you will need to develop your language to reach a deeper source and to obtain greater opportunities.

Our advice to you is that even if your English is not strong, you should start learning programming, and with time you will find yourself getting to know all the English terms you need to master programming, and it is generally not difficult because you do not study English literature, for example.

2. What is the best programming language for beginners?

It is not correct to say that there is a language that is best for beginners, as there are many languages out there nowadays and each one is the best for the purpose it serves.

Therefore, the correct question is which programming languages are the best in this field, and this is what you will learn about after spending some time searching and reading about this field.

3. Am I too old to learn programming?

Learning programming has nothing to do with age. Whether you are 7 years old or 70, you will be able to learn programming and learning programming will be beneficial to you in one way or another.

And I found a lot of people on the Internet over the age of forty and fifty who started learning programming and got jobs in it.

4. Is it easy to get a job in programming?

As you define the word easy, yes you can definitely get a job in programming without the need for a college degree in computer science, but you will have to put in some effort first.

In short, don’t think too much that getting a job in programming is easy or difficult, and direct all your energy to mastering the field, languages and tools you want, and you will be qualified for the job market, thus it will be easy to get your first job.

5. Do you only learn programming for smart people?

Coding isn’t just for smart people and you don’t have to be Einstein to be a programmer. Coding is for everyone, and in fact anyone can learn it.

Programming does not require some organization in thinking and some time in order to learn, and everyone during learning has difficulty understanding and applying some things, but with a little time and effort they overcome these common difficulties.

6. Why should I learn programming?

Because programming is the future, and the field of programming is the best in terms of salaries, moral appreciation, opportunities for growth and immigration, programming will in one way or another make your life better.

Also, learning it today is very easy and in many cases it does not require you to spend even a single pound. On the contrary, it will be difficult to locate one source to learn programming through.


Learning programming for beginners is not an easy process, but it is also not impossible. If you know the correct steps, you will be able to easily become a professional programming with minimal effort and in the shortest time.

In this short guide, I have provided everything that will help you in your programming journey and I have also shared with you my story and my learning journey as well.


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