Engineers from a South Korean company plan to use a matrix of nanoelectrodes, which will integrate a map of neural connections of the human brain with a three-dimensional network of high-density solid-state memory. Theoretically, this will lead to the creation of a chip with high computational performance and low power consumption. In addition, such a device would demonstrate learning ability, adaptation to the environment and decision-making ability, which is unavailable to current technology.
Although the idea seems simple, implementation would require a lot of time and a real technological breakthrough. Researchers note that the human brain has about 100 billion neurons, between which there are trillions of sympathetic connections. This means that the attempt to embody the brain in silicon would require at least 100 trillion memory units. Samsung representatives are optimistic, but are not yet ready to give a timeline for when such a chip will be created.
"The vision we are presenting is very ambitious. Working on such a heroic goal will push the boundaries of machine intelligence, neuroscience and semiconductor technology," the scientists said.