Botswana is the safest country in Africa, safer than Britain or Spain. The land of the Okavango Delta, the Kalahari Desert, and the Makgadikgadi Salt Baths, Botswana is one of Africa's hidden gems, known for its blooming wildlife and extraordinary views. Crime here is at an all-time low, the popular towns of Francistown, Gaborone, Maun rarely face serious crime, but the safaris here are expensive.
Ghana is located in the center of the continent: there are not many attractions, but it has a cultural heritage that dates back to the eighteenth century. The capital Accra has a low crime rate, the city is always crowded with locals and tourists. Things to do for tourists include surfing on Accra's beaches, exploring Jamestown, Cape Coast castles, and visiting several national parks.
The U.S. State Department, in its annual report on tourism, gave Zambia a level one safety rating for travelers. Some areas of Zambia, the Copperbelt and Lusaka provinces, have higher crime rates, but none are considered "unsafe" by international standards.
Victoria Falls, Kafue National Park, and the national park in the lower Zambezi are must-sees, all relatively crime-free. Safari in Zambia is "wild," and the number of safari camps is limited.
The tiny coastal country (71.7 km²) is another haven for tourists for whom safety is a major concern. More than 60% of the population lives below the poverty line, and as the saying goes, "poverty begets crime," so it is slightly higher than the top 3 here. Sierra Leone is known for its nightlife, parties, the influx of tourists at Christmas and Easter. Most crime occurs in urban areas, and crime is relatively low in the rest of the country.
If you are visiting the country for a short time, avoid walking after 10 pm and travel in groups.
Tanzania is a favorite destination for African safaris. The country offers the most diverse African travel experience, from safaris in the Serengeti to hiking in Mount Kilimanjaro, wildlife and birdwatching in Ngorongoro, to relaxing beach vacations in the Zanzibar Archipelago, and travel to the country has become easier thanks to government policy initiatives.
Tanzania is generally considered safe - about 1.8 million tourists visited the country in 2019, and very few reported any crime.
Be careful in the hot spots:
Arusha is a densely populated city, a stopping point for tourists visiting the Northern Highway. Tourists are advised not to wear conspicuously expensive clothing and accessories, and not to leave the hotel after dark.
Stone City is the central part of the Zanzibar Archipelago. Tourists are advised to stay away from this city after hours.
However, most tourists hardly ever go to these places. A bonus is that safaris here are inexpensive.
Madagascar is considered one of the safest countries in Africa: the island nation has many friendly residents, and the country's natural riches make it very attractive to vacationers. A recent spike in unemployment has led to an increase in crime, but overall, the island has remained in the top ten friendliest places in Africa.
Baobab Alley, a huge baobab trail, is a strong candidate to become one of Africa's 7 natural wonders. The Cingy de Bemaraha and Ranomafana National Parks can be visited without worrying too much about safety. The islands of Saint-Marie, Ifati are popular beach destinations: crime rates are low and unique events are held here. You can take a boat trip and see the humpback whales of the Indian Ocean, if you have already become acquainted with the land animals in the numerous national parks of Madagascar.
Theft and robbery with weapons do occur in Senegal, but these cases are quite rare - the crime situation in the country is better than in France.
One of the biggest problems faced by tourists remains the language. Locals speak almost exclusively French, a few - in broken English.
Senegal has a lot of attractions that tourists can safely admire: the Pink Lake, the town of Casamance, Madeleine Island, La Somon lagoon and the Jouge National Park.
Stay away from Dakar, avoid night walks on the beaches and protests: although most are peaceful, some escalate into clashes with the police.