what is chemistry brief history ?
Chemistry Brief History
The study of chemistry in India is as ancient as the study of Vedas. Our mythological sages and sages have made important contributions to chemistry. In ancient Vedic literature, Ras Tantra, metallurgy, combustion of matter and many other valuable information are contained, which can prove to be very important for the present day chemicals.
According to Vedic literature, the universe is made up of five elements. These five elements are earth. Metals like iron, gold, copper, lead, tin have been specified in Yajuvraid along with stone, clay, and sand.
In the Arthava Veda also, we get to know about the use of copper, iron, gold, and tin. These different types of chemical instruments like Khalva (Kharal that iron), Adhishavan, Potbhrat etc. get to know about the use of chemical reactions. . In 500 BC, Acharya Kanad, who is the author of the famous book "Vaishesika", presented his atomic argument and explained the nature of Panchabhutas in detail. He also tried to explain the nature of atoms and molecules. After this, various sages made important contributions to chemistry.
In 1774, Joseph Priestley invented oxygen. Lavoisier, who is known as the father of modern chemistry, validated Priestley's invention and proved that oxygen is essential for combustion. In the early nineteenth century, by propounding the laws of chemical combination and arranging the elements in a periodic array, a new invention revolution was created in the chemistry world. In 1833, Faraday studied the flow of electric current in a solution, and in 1881 Arrhenius presented the theory of ionization.
Inventions in the chemistry world got a new direction when JJ Thomson invented the electron in 1896 by immersing electricity in gas at very low pressure. Around the same time (1886) Goldstein invented the proton,
In 1932, Sir James Cherwick discovered the neutron. After the invention of the above basic particles, the atom was no longer indivisible as John Dalton did in his
Said in atomic theory.
These inventions gave a new direction to chemistry.
The twentieth century is considered the gold age of chemistry, the knowledge of chemistry has increased manifold in the last five decades.
How did you get this information?
With the passage of time, many changes have been seen in chemistry, in the last few decades, chemistry has made a lot of progress.