The Sumatran tiger (Panthera tigris sumatrae) is an important predator that can maintain the balance of the food chain in the forests of the island of Sumatra, the reduced number of Sumatran tigers has an impact on the wild boar population and can become pests for communities around the forest.
Sumatran Tiger Description: The Sumatran tiger has the darkest coloration among all other tiger subspecies, the black pattern is wide and sometimes closely spaced together. Sumatran tiger stripes are thinner than other tiger subspecies. This subspecies also has more beards and manes than other subspecies, especially male tigers. There are membranes between their fingers that allow them to swim. Sumatran tigers are generally active at night. The Sumatran tiger is not a type of animal that usually lives in groups, but rather a solitary animal species, which is an animal that most of the time lives alone, except during the breeding season or raising children.
The length of the male Sumatran tiger can reach 2.2 - 2.8 meters, while the female can reach 2.15 - 2.3 meters. Height measured from the foot to the nape of the average is 75 cm, but there are also those who reach between 80 - 95 cm, and weigh 130 - 255 kg. This animal has 8-11 mm long fur, the male Sumatran tiger's mane measures 11-13 cm. Hair on the chin, cheeks, and back of the head is shorter. The tail length is about 65-95 cm (Directorate of Nature Conservation, 1986; Hafild and Aniger, 1984; Kahar, 1997; Macdonald, 1986; Mountfort, 1973; Saleh and Kambey, 2003; Sutedja and Taufik, 1993; Suwelo and Somantri, 1978; Treep, 1973). The scientific classification of the Sumatran tiger (Panthera tigris sumatrae): Kingdom: Animalia; Phylum: Chordata; Class: Mammalia; Order: Carnivora; Family: Felidae; Genus: Panthera; Species: Panthera tigris; Upasspecies: Panthera tigris sumatrae.
Trinomial name: Panthera tigris sumatrae (Pocock, 1929).
Food: Sumatran tigers are carnivorous species that usually prey on: sambar deer (Cervus unicolor), deer (Muntiacus muntjak), mouse deer (Tragulus sp.), and wild boar (Sus sp.). Wild buffalo (Bubalus bubalis), Tapir (Tapirus indicus), Monkey (Macaca), Hedgehog (Hystrix brachyura), Pangolin (Manis javanica), types of reptiles such as turtles, snakes, and monitor lizards, as well as various types of birds, fish , and frogs and other types of wildlife. Pets or livestock that sometimes fall prey to tigers include buffalo, goats, sheep, cows, dogs and chickens